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Dhaka, Bangladesh

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 13,600,000
Population 10,621,481 12,910,235 15,616,562
Population growth rate 2001-11 47.03
GDP (millions)  39,340 55,170 95,870  USD 
>GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  39,340 55,170 95,870
*10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  143.70
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? N
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 1,860.00
Urbanized area (km2) 911.40
Heating degree days 50.00
Cooling degree days 1,164.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 1,931.00
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,706.00
Building gross floor area (m2) - total 126,325,000 total
>total per capita 8.09
>residential
>residential per capita
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 0.00 0.00 613.20
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 4,986.49 7,251.71 9,058.07
Electrical line losses (GWh) 1,301.97 1,382.18 1,089.69
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 4,986.49 7,251.71 9,671.27
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 17,951.36 26,106.16 34,816.57
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 93.95
Natural gas (TJ) 137,207.57 202,228.02 267,472.92 scaled from national data
Fuel oil (TJ) 28,653.49 33,123.02 52,517.07 yr 2010; scaled
Coal (TJ) 7,379.36 9,966.93 24,917.32 scaled from national data
Biomass/biofuels (TJ)
Other 6,253.82 7,002.59 3,675.30 kerosene; yr 2010; scaled
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 179,494.23 252,320.56 348,582.61
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ)
Diesel (TJ)
Jet fuel (TJ) 9,159.27 12,427.37 7,374.72
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other 0.00 703.92 4,205.97 natural gas; scaled from nat. data
5,559.65 6,815.06 9,321.38 oil products; scaled from nat. data
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 5,559.65 7,518.98 13,527.35
*10-year growth rate 143.31
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 203,005.24 285,945.69 396,926.53
*2011 total 396,926.53
*2006 total 285,945.69
**2001 total 203,005.24
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 95.53
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 193,248.00 359,561.50 525,235.00
Line losses (ML) 108,218.88 129,478.00 173,695.21
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 56.0% 36.0% 33.1%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 193,248.00 359,561.50 525,235.00
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 301,466.88 489,039.50 698,930.21
Production (ML) 445,300.00 562,100.00 784,750.00
Production - surface water (ML) 32,850.00 73,000.00 101,835.00
Production - ground water (ML) 412,450.00 489,100.00 682,915.00
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) 171.79
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 12,973.13 18,842.50 16,738.41
Loading (kt BOD) 77.84 226.11 66.95 not sure?
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 766.50 985.50 1,387.00
Waste incineration (Kt) 0.00 0.00 0.00
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 766.50 985.50 1,387.00
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) 80.95
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 0 1.15 2.49
Oil (%) 6.74 5.49 12.61
Natural gas (%) 87.55 88.71 82.12
Hydropower (%) 5.71 4.65 2.78
Nuclear (%) 0 0 0
Off-site wind (%) 0 0 0
Off-site solar (%) 0 0 0
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh) 32.449 48.17 51.037 year 2009
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 38.37
commercial/institutional (%) 8.66
industrial (%) 51.85
transportation (%) 1.11
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%) na
commercial/institutional (%) na
industrial (%) an
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement scaled from national data
>net import (Kt) 0.00
>production (Kt) 12,668.25
>consumption (Kt) 8,864.60
Steel scaled from national data
>net import (Kt) 0.00
>production (Kt) 5,080.00
>consumption (Kt) 2,540.00
Other # of brick pieces given
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt) 1,561.00 rice
>production (Kt) 33,890.00
>consumption (Kt) 905.00
net import (Kt) 3,752.00 wheat
production (Kt) 990.00
consumption (Kt) 345.00
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