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Guangzhou, China

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 16,500,000
Population 9,967,500 9,966,600 12,751,400
Population growth rate 2001-11 27.93
GDP (millions)  284,165 608,186 1,242,344  Chinese yuan 
>GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  86,111 173,767 295,796
*10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  243.51
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 7,434.40
Urbanized area (km2)
Heating degree days 539.00
Cooling degree days 725.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 1,632.30
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,305.56
Building gross floor area (m2) - total 148,290,100.00 285,851,900.00 369,667,000 total
>total per capita 14.88 28.68 28.99
>residential 87,135,500.00 170,996,900.00 210,070,100
>residential per capita 8.74 17.16 16.47
>commercial & institutional 61,154,600.00 114,855,000.00 159,596,900 non-residential
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 25,827.32 44,000.48 63,120.34
Electrical line losses (GWh) 1,284.65 2,966.58 3,235.10
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 25,827.32 44,000.48 63,120.34
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 92,978.36 158,401.72 227,233.24
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 144.39
Natural gas (TJ) see Igor's data
Fuel oil (TJ) see Igor's data
Coal (TJ) see Igor's data
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) see Igor's data
Other 210,624.93 430,320.56 604,017.91 total non-electric sources (Tj)
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 210,624.93 430,320.56 604,017.91
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 34,624.00 87,406.99 191,923.75
Diesel (TJ) 52,366.82 123,748.41 215,859.27
Jet fuel (TJ) 15,926.00 7,403.62 87,697.04 these data already counted in lines 58 and 59; see Shenzhen survey
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other 3,315.00 fuel oil
22,582.00 kerosene
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 96,961.82 203,751.78 320,085.98
*10-year growth rate 230.12
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 400,565.11 792,474.05 1,151,337.13
*2011 total 1,151,337.13
*2006 total 792,474.05
**2001 total 400,565.11
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 187.43
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 8,300,000.00 8,020,000.00 7,302,000
Line losses (ML) 247,370.00 274,491
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 0.0% 3.1% 3.8%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 8,300,000.00 8,020,000.00 7,302,000
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 8,300,000.00 8,267,370.00 7,576,491
Production (ML) 8,300,000.00 8,020,000.00 7,302,000
Production - surface water (ML) 8,240,000.00 7,985,000.00 7,244,000
Production - ground water (ML) 60,000.00 35,000.00 58,000
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) -12.02
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 3,786,000.00 3,037,000.00 1,648,000
Loading (kt BOD) 567,900 462,000 220,200
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 2,440.00 2,550.00 3,207.60 land/incineration not specified
Waste incineration (Kt)
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 2,440.00 2,550.00 3,207.60
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) 31.46
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 74.81 90.64 99.93
Oil (%) 24.93 9.36 0.07
Natural gas (%)
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%)
Off-site wind (%)
Off-site solar (%)
Other 0.25 refinery gas
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh)
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 20.38
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%) 52.14
transportation (%)
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%) 7.1
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%) 46.3
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 12,040.00 19,110.00 8,870.00
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt) 1,384.46 2,105.40 1,465.23
>production (Kt) 2,400.70 6,231.00 6,846.90
>consumption (Kt) 3,590.30 7,047.11 7,347.21 import + prod - export (see Igors data)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 4,918.48
>consumption (Kt) 4,207.05
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
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