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Jakarta, Indonesia

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 15,400,000
Population 8,429,500 8,979,639 9,786,372
Population growth rate 2001-11 16.10
 GDP (millions)  41,169 50,177 98,254  USD 
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  41,169 50,177 98,254
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  138.66
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 662.33 year 2010
Urbanized area (km2) 556.00 incl. green space
Heating degree days 1.00
Cooling degree days 976.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 1,274.10
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,825.00
Building gross floor area (m2) - total 11,111,276
>total per capita 1.14
>residential 111,276.00
>residential per capita 0.01
>commercial & institutional 11,000,000 office & retail
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 19,854.60 26,167.20 35,061.40
Electrical line losses (GWh) 2,539.40 3,569.30 2,986.80
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 19,854.60 26,167.20 35,061.40
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 71,476.56 94,201.92 126,221.04
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 76.59
Natural gas (TJ) 46,185.80 67,817.80 35,768.90
Fuel oil (TJ) 15,202.04 45,800.02 45,800.02 industry; year 2007; assume 2007 and 2011 same
Coal (TJ) na na na
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) na na na
Other 59,479.30 127,126.50 4,938.10 kerosene (TJ)
9,580.34 41,859.64 8,980.98 diesel fuel (TJ) (Solar + Minyak)
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 130,447.49 282,603.96 95,488.00
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 69,601.53 196,721.31 102,811.88
Diesel (TJ) 54,673.34 94,844.02 48,080.66 diesel fuel
Jet fuel (TJ) 1,394.46 38,327.31 38,327.31 assume 2006 and 2011 same
Marine fuel (TJ) 8,482.09 3,409.87 3,409.87 assume 2006 and 2011 same
Other 21.34 14.76 14.76 aviation gasoline; assume 2006 and 2011 same
537.32 197.67 197.67 diesel oil; assume 2006 and 2011 same
na 6,831.01 6,831.01 biodiesel; assume 2006 and 2011 same
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 124,833.53 298,608.77 157,935.98
*10-year growth rate 26.52
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 326,757.58 675,414.64 379,645.02
*2011 total 379,645.02
*2006 total 675,414.64
**2001 total 326,757.58
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 16.19
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 237,192.20 284,649.20 305,684.00
Line losses (ML)
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%)
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 237,192.20 284,649.20 305,684.00
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 237,192.20 284,649.20 305,684.00
Production (ML) 409,664.50 557,780.70 535,718.90
Production - surface water (ML) 409,664.50 534,987.60 527,854.10
Production - ground water (ML) 0.00 22,793.10 7,864.80
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) 28.88
Wastewater
Volume (ML) na na 500,056.00
Loading (kt BOD) ? data unclear
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 4,860.92 5,672.98 5,489.24 reporter uncertainty
Waste incineration (Kt) 0.00 0.00 0.00
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 4,860.92 5,672.98 5,489.24
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) 12.93
Electricity sources
Coal (%)
Oil (%)
Natural gas (%)
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%)
Off-site wind (%)
Off-site solar (%)
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh) ? ? ? data unclear
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 35.0
commercial/institutional (%) 32.0
industrial (%) 28.0
transportation (%)
other 3.0 social
1.0 street lighting
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%) na
commercial/institutional (%) na
industrial (%) na
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt) na
>production (Kt) na
>consumption (Kt) na
Steel
>net import (Kt) na
>production (Kt) na
>consumption (Kt) na
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt) see below
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other year 2006; four biggest consumption foods; calories and protein consumed also given
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 13.34 rice; data are doubtful
>consumption (Kt) 13.34
net import (Kt)
production (Kt) 3.65 spinach
consumption (Kt) 3.65
net import (Kt)
production (Kt) 11.25 water spinach
consumption (Kt) 11.25
net import (Kt)
production (Kt) 5.49 sawi
consumption (Kt) 5.49
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