Skip to main content

Los Angeles, United States of America

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 17,900,000
Population 9,635,000 9,761,000 9,889,000
Population growth rate 2001-11 2.64
 GDP (millions)        525,167         706,469               732,230  USD 
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)        525,167         706,469               732,230
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  39.43
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 10,517.60
Urbanized area (km2)
Heating degree days 887.00
Cooling degree days 7.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 379.20
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 2,073.00
Building gross floor area (m2) - total
>total per capita 70.00
>residential
>residential per capita 40.70
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 0.48
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 70,662.00 63,898.00
Electrical line losses (GWh) 4,946.34 4,472.86
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 0.00 70,662.00 63,898.48
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 0.00 254,383.20 230,034.54
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%)
Natural gas (TJ) 316,595.42 329,145.34 includes power generation
Fuel oil (TJ) 183,268.00 153,893.00 147,823.00 scaled by population
Coal (TJ) 16,858.00 12,860.00 9,866.00 scaled by population
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) 28,339.00 18,221.00 21,921.00 scaled by population
Other
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 228,465.00 501,569.42 508,755.34
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 189,000.02
Diesel (TJ) 100,995.45
Jet fuel (TJ) 4,814.23
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 0.00 0.00 289,995.47
*10-year growth rate #DIV/0!
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 228,465.00 755,952.62 1,028,785.35
*2011 total 1,028,785.35
*2006 total 755,952.62
**2001 total 228,465.00
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 350.30
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 3,330,000.00
Line losses (ML) 330,000.00
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 9.9%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 0.00 0.00 3,330,000.00
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 0.00 0.00 3,660,000.00
Production (ML) 3,330,000.00
Production - surface water (ML) 2,650,000.00
Production - ground water (ML) 680,000.00
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 1,320,000.00
Loading (kt BOD)
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 516.68
Waste incineration (Kt) 5,592.65
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 0.00 6,109.33
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Electricity sources
Coal (%) ?
Oil (%) ?
Natural gas (%) ?
Hydropower (%) ?
Nuclear (%) ?
Off-site wind (%) ?
Off-site solar (%) ?
Other ?
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh) ?
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 30
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
transportation (%)
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt) 34,300.00
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food year 2006
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt) 889.93 fruit & veg; year 2006
net import (Kt)
production (Kt)
consumption (Kt) 438.32 sweet snacks; year 2006
net import (Kt)
production (Kt)
consumption (Kt) 1,279.55 prepared foods; year 2006
net import (Kt)
production (Kt)
consumption (Kt) 61.99 solid fats; year 2006
net import (Kt)
production (Kt)
consumption (Kt) 394.05 meat & poultry; year 2006
University of Ontario Institute of Technology logo