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Moscow, Russian Federation

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 13,600,000
Population 10,382,754 11,503,501 years 2002 & 2010
Population growth rate 2001-11 10.79
 GDP (millions)     246,348    377,606    664,420 PPP; years 2002 & 2010
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)     246,348    377,606    664,420
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  169.71
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? N
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 1,080.00
Urbanized area (km2) 737.00 minus parks/greens
Heating degree days 4,562.00
Cooling degree days 50.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 698.00
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,020.70
Building gross floor area (m2) - total
>total per capita
>residential 216,000,000
>residential per capita 18.78
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary) years 2002, 05, 10
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 0.00 0.00 0.00
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 41,115.10 49,782.00 51,954.30
Electrical line losses (GWh) 6,509.40 4,835.50
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 41,115.10 49,782.00 51,954.30
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 148,014.36 179,215.20 187,035.48
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 26.36
Natural gas (TJ) no data from survey
Fuel oil (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Coal (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Other 1,236,352.96 IEA, scaled from national data
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 0.00 0.00 1,236,352.96
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
year 2010
Gasoline (TJ) 263,052.06
Diesel (TJ)
Jet fuel (TJ)
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 0.00 0.00 263,052.06
*10-year growth rate
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 148,014.36 179,215.20 1,686,440.51
*2011 total 1,686,440.51
*2006 total 179,215.20
**2001 total 148,014.36
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 1,039.38
Water years 2002, 05, 10
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 2,777,000 2,634,000 1,496,000
Line losses (ML)
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%)
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 2,777,000 2,634,000 1,496,000
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 2,777,000 2,634,000 1,496,000
Production (ML)
Production - surface water (ML)
Production - ground water (ML)
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) -46.13
Wastewater
Volume (ML)
Loading (kt BOD)
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 4003.2
Waste incineration (Kt) 598.20
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 0.00 4,601.40 assuming 400 kg/person/year, 13% incinerated
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%)
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 0 0 0
Oil (%) 0 0 0
Natural gas (%) 100 100 100
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%)
Off-site wind (%) 0 0 0
Off-site solar (%) 0 0 0
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh)
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
transportation (%)
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food year 2010
>net import (Kt) 7,278.40
>production (Kt) 0.00
>consumption (Kt) 7,278.40
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
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