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Seoul, South Korea

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 24,200,000
Population 10,280,523 10,358,560 10,528,774 Yr 2002 (Brinkhoff)
Population growth rate 2001-11 2.41
GDP (millions)  220,134,000 282,944,000  Korean won 
>GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  284,117 339,669
*10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%) 
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)?
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)?
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 605.96
Urbanized area (km2) 363.14
Heating degree days 2,870.00
Cooling degree days 59.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 2,039.30
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,333.00
Building gross floor area (m2) - total 616,870,773 total
>total per capita 58.59
>residential
>residential per capita
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 41,824.00 46,903.00
Electrical line losses (GWh) 7,793.51 10,220.49
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 0.00 41,824.00 46,903.00
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 0.00 150,566.40 168,850.80
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Natural gas (TJ) 192,529.80 197,080.92
Fuel oil (TJ) 327,662.44 306,780.29
Coal (TJ) 7,506.10 5,793.77
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) 1.53 0.96
Other
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 0.00 527,699.86 509,655.94
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ) 236,480.36
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 58,084.02 57,597.04
Diesel (TJ) 68,190.70 56,929.17
Jet fuel (TJ)
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other 29,971.93 22,278.47 LPG
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 0.00 156,246.66 136,804.68
*10-year growth rate #DIV/0!
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 0.00 834,512.92 815,311.42
*2011 total 815,311.42
*2006 total 834,512.92
**2001 total 0.00
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%)
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 1,120,437 1,105,221
Line losses (ML) 112,556.00 45,117.00
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 10.0% 4.1%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 0.00 1,120,437 1,105,221
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 0.00 1,232,993 1,150,338
Production (ML) 1,246,237 1,187,287
Production - surface water (ML)
Production - ground water (ML) 28,195 22,437
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 19,469.10 23,161.81
Loading (kt BOD) 231.41 166.08 units are ML not Kt
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 2,570.68 1,930.98
Waste incineration (Kt) 320.56 726.13
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 2,891.24 2,657.11
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Electricity sources
Coal (%)
Oil (%)
Natural gas (%)
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%)
Off-site wind (%)
Off-site solar (%)
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh) ?
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 27.6
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%) 4.8
transportation (%)
other 60.0 com/trnsprt
7.6 institutional
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%) these data for S. Korea
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%) 8.7
other 46.4 res/com
39.3 trnsprt
5.6 institutional, other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
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