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Tehran, Iran

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 12,800,000
Population 10,617,046 11,063,613 12,183,391
Population growth rate 2001-11 14.75
 GDP (millions)  330,000,000 440,000,000 620,000,000 Iranian rial (country not city) 
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  226,524 151,416 144,159 National scale, not megacity 
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  -36.36
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 18,900.00
Urbanized area (km2) 1,390.00 "city" area; year 2006
Heating degree days 1,977.00
Cooling degree days 708.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 316.30
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 2,200.00
Building gross floor area (m2) - total
>total per capita
>residential
>residential per capita 20.00
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 27,871.00 24,691.00
Electrical line losses (GWh) 4,180.70 3,703.70 15% of consumption
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 0.00 27,871.00 24,691.00
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 0.00 100,335.60 88,887.60
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%)
Natural gas (TJ) 713,614.79
Fuel oil (TJ) 4,407.46 6,145.86
Coal (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Other
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 4,407.46 6,145.86 713,614.79
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 129,295.08 173,460.00 yrs 2008 and 2010
Diesel (TJ) 43,632.78 129,568.90 year 2010
Jet fuel (TJ) 54,845.29
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other 53,869.56 mazut (heavy fuel oil); yrs 2003 & 2008
5,167.08 1,798.31 5,274.64 kerosene; yrs 2003, 2007, and 2010
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 5,167.08 228,595.72 308,303.54
*10-year growth rate
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 9,574.54 335,077.18 1,110,805.93
*2011 total 1,110,805.93
*2006 total 335,077.18
**2001 total 9,574.54
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%)
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 726,604.09 757,166.01 833,800.82
Line losses (ML) 242,201.36 252,388.67 277,933.61 about 25% of consumption
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 33.3% 33.3% 33.3%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 726,604.09 757,166.01 833,800.82
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 968,805.45 1,009,554.69 1,111,734.43 based on 250 L per day per person
Production (ML)
Production - surface water (ML)
Production - ground water (ML)
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) 14.75
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 115.00
Loading (kt BOD)
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 2,555.00
Waste incineration (Kt) 0.00 0.00 0.00
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 0.00 2,555.00
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 0 0 0
Oil (%)
Natural gas (%)
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%) 0 0 0
Off-site wind (%) 0 0 0
Off-site solar (%) negligible negligible negligible
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh) see survey
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 41
commercial/institutional (%) 36
industrial (%) 16
transportation (%)
other 7 including transportation
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 4,015.00
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
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