Although Dakar Metropolitan Area only covers 1% of Senegal’s land area, it is home to nearly 50% of the country’s urban population. Much of the city’s population reside in the ‘Pre-Urban’ part of the metropolitan which is vulnerable to natural disasters, in particular flooding and coastal erosion, which is exacerbated by weak local governance and rising sea levels .
On average, Dakar's population has grown 1% per year since 1988 and current predictions estimate the city reaching 9.2 million by 2050 . The city suffers from high ambient air pollution, poor access to clean water for 3% of the population and nearly 25% of the population do not have access to solid waste collection. Figure 1 and Table 1 show the city’s status compared to the global average.
Figure 1: Physical science: Dakar vs. Global Condition
The socio-economic status of Dakar is demonstrated in Figures 2 and Table 2.
Figure 2: Socio-economic: Dakar vs. Global Condition
 Hyoung Gun Wang, Marisela Montoliu-Munoz, the Geoville Group, and Ndèye Fatou D. Gueye, 2009, Preparing to Manage Natural Hazards and Climate Change Risks in Dakar, Senegal, The World Bank, Washington.
 Daniel Hoornweg, and Kevin Pope, 2013, "Population Predictions of the 101 Largest Cities in the 21st Century," Global Cities Institute, Report # 04.
Please note this is a draft version. For development purposes only.