ShanghaiWith a population of 18.4 million (2010 data), Shanghai is China’s largest metropolitan area . Shanghai is susceptible to flooding; greenhouse gas emissions and air quality are relatively higher than global averages (Figure 1 and Table 1); the levels of CO2-equivalent emissions and particulate matter (PM2.5) are reported as 11.7 tCO2e/cap/year and 81μg/m3, respectively; and the average domestic fresh water use in Shanghai Metropolitan Area is 411 L/cap/day, which is four times the global ‘Water Right-level’ proposed by the United Nations.
Figure 1: Physical Science: Shanghai vs. Global Condition
Shanghai is well-served by its public transportation system and, as shown in Figure 2 and Table 2, provide relatively high level socio-economic boundaries. Compared to Toronto, Shanghai’s higher Gini coefficient and lower per capita income are key economy indicators.
 Christopher A. Kennedy, Nadine Ibrahim, Iain Stewart, Angelo Fachini, and Renata Mele, 2014, "An Urban Metabolism Survey Design for Megacities," Enel Foundation, Energy For Knowledge, Report # 2/2014.
Please note this is a draft version. For development purposes only.